Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA)

A Company Voluntary Arrangement is a formal arrangement with the company creditors, typically over a 5 year time period, which allows a business to continue to trade whilst repaying its debts at an agreed rate.

As long as 75% of the company creditors vote for the arrangement all remaining creditors are by default bound by the agreement and are frozen.

Payments into the CVA are made on a regular basis and distributed to creditors at the agreed rate, although it is possible if a lump sum payment could be raised that the term could be shortened.

Positives of the Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA)

  • It is legally binding between the company and its creditors.
  • It protects the company. No further action can be taken against the business by its creditors once agreed to.
  • It is a common and accepted way for dealing with debt and does not carry the 'negativity' associated with company liquidation or company administrative receivership.
  • Trading can continue.
  • Company creditors can claim tax relief against bad debts.
  • Creditors acknowledge that they will receive a reduced amount in lieu of the total due.

Negatives of the Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA)

  • If creditors representing 75% of the total value of money owed do not agree to the proposal it cannot go ahead.
  • If during the term of the CVA it fails, the company can still go into company liquidation or company administrative receivership.
  • A record of the CVA will appear on the company credit file which will impact on the ability to obtain future credit.

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